Basic Nutrition Knowledge

What is “basic nutrition Knowledge”?

Nutrition, also known as nourishment, is the supply of food materials that are required by the body’s organisms and cells to stay alive. Or else, according to human medicine, it is the practice of consuming and the utilization of food.

What is basic nutrition science?

The researches made on basic nutritional science shows how the body breaks down the food into simple units (catabolism) and how the body reacts while creating or repairing cells and tissues (anabolism). Both terms, when combined, refers to a new term known as metabolism. Nutritional science also inspects the response of the body to the food we intake.

The Bottom line

The following are some of the most unknown facts about basic nutrition knowledge which you might be unaware of:

  • Our body requires almost seven major types of Basic nutrients.
  • Nutrients like water and fiber, don’t provide any energy, still are essential for us.
  • Only a small amount of micronutrients is more than sufficient for us.
  • The human body cannot synthesize vitamins, the most vital organic compound for us.
  • A large portion of Macronutrients must be consumed on a daily basis.
  • Macronutrients are further split into two categories that are the energy macronutrients and those which do not provide energy.

Seven major basic nutrients

Though there are various types of nutrients which we intake on a regular basis, and we should aware of basic nutrients the basic seven types of nutrients which a human body needs includes:

  • Protein
  • Carbohydrates
  • Fats
  • Minerals
  • Fiber
  • Vitamins
  • Water

Basics nutrients  will show you why you should not miss out on any of these while taking your meal, because each of them is the basic requirement of your body.


  • Able to protect the body against viruses and bacteria as they are the best Antibodies.
  • Powerful enzymes that can carry almost all the chemical reactions taking place in our cells.basic nutrition knowledge
  • Some hormones considered as a messenger proteins, convey signals to coordinate biological processes among various cells, tissues or even organs.
  • Proteins are vital because they form the structural component by providing a support to the cells, allowing you to make flexible body movements.
  • A great source of binding and carrying atoms or small molecules within cells in the whole body.
  • All muscles and tissues are made up of proteins.
  • Contains 4 calories per gram.
  • Eggs, proteins, meat, fish, dairy products and beans are fully enriched with proteins.


  • Acts as a protein energy saver
  • Helps in the breakdown of fatty acids.
  • Gives energy and keeps the level of blood circulation high.
  • Dietary fiber
  • A preferred energy source of the body.
  • Boosts the energy of your muscles, keeping them more active.
  • Contains 4 calories per gram.
  • Food full of carbohydrates includes pastas, grains, fruits, corn, vegetable and any sugary food item.


  • Provides energy to your body.
  • Ability to absorb certain nutrients
  • Maintains your core body temperature.
  • Good Fats protect your heart and keep your body healthy.
  • Fats acts as a backup energy in the absence of carbohydrates.
  • Fat-soluble vitamins like vitamin (A, E, K, and D) cannot function properly without an adequate amount of fat intake.
  • All oils (canola, vegetable, olive peanut), margarines, meats and junk food contain a lot of fats
  • One gram of fat has 9 calories, which means that it’s double the amount of calories that are present in proteins and carbohydrates.


  • Almost all the major systems of our body depends on water.
  • Moistens all the body tissues.
  • Protects body organs and tissues
  • Helps to prevent constipation.
  • Helps to dissolve all the nutrients and minerals
  • Carries nutrients and gives oxygen to cells.
  • Helps kidney and liver in flushing out the waste product from the body.
  • Regulates and maintains body temperature.
  • Don’t forget to drink clean water.


  • Reduces the risk of diseases and disorders such as diverticular disease hemorrhoids.
  • Protects from colon cancer.
  • Control the blood glucose levels, so it is good for diabetes patients.
  • Capable of controlling blood cholesterol.
  • Nuts, seeds, beans, lentils, peas, whole grains and some vegetables are a very good source of fibers.
  • Amount of calories totally depends upon the type of foods you intake. 


  • Makes your teeth, bones and nails stronger.
  • Vitamin B6 Helps to form red blood cells and maintains brain function effectively.basic nutrition knowledge
  • Promotes wound healing.
  • Plays a vital role in the production of hormones and cholesterol.
  • Vitamin B1 is essential for heart function and healthy nerve cells.
  • Proves to be essential for the metabolism of food.
  • Vitamin D also known as sunshine vitamin and is good for absorbing calcium, so you must take a 10 minnute sun bath regularly.
  • Different types of vitamins are found in various food items such as carrots, cereals, tomatoes, egg yolk, fish and many more.


  • Essential for nerve transmission, muscle contraction and proper fluid balance too.
  • Builds up your immune system.
  • Maintains an acid-base balance.
  • Keeps your bones, teeth and gums more healthy and strong.
  • Milk products, vegetables, eggs, nuts and whole grains contains a good amount of minerals.

Though all of them are very essential for your body, the top three basic nutrients are proteins, carbohydrates and fats, which must be kept in high consideration at all times.


This article helps to increase the “basic nutrition knowledge  and Basic nutrients” rate as nutrition information on food labels is an important source of nutrition but unfortunately are underutilized by the consumers. So giving the readers a basic nutrition knowledge about basic nutrients might help them in making a good decision about whether a certain product is their need or not? However, the basic nutrition knowledge measures vary widely in the different terminologies they include .So, don’t forget to consult a nutritionist for the information of “what is basic Nutrition” before making a meal plan for yourself.



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